Digging deeper into variations of space time mass matter energy gravity when approaching and exceeding VC (velocity of light)
With space and time constant between any two or more specified reference points, as an energy differential in frequency approaches and exceeds the quantity VC, four critical components must be reconsidered:
- VC potential differential: already exists between matter and electrons (electric, magnetic, gravitational fields)
- Simultaneity: events which are observed simultaneously, occur simultaneously insofar as that observer is concerned, and the simultaneity of events is a condition which depends entirely upon the position of the observer with respect to those events.
- VC definition: the kinetic energy equivalent of the mass energy of matter – the pivotal point about which the natural laws (space time mass matter energy gravity) become manifest
- Gravity: the positive and negative charges of the protons and electrons, when united within the neutron, are not discernible as charges but exist as energy which produces the gravitational field
MORE ** STRANGE INTERPRETATIONS WHEN USING “FLAT SCIENCE” PARAMETERS: The expansion of the universe causes distant galaxies to recede from us faster than the speed of light, if comoving distance and cosmological time are used to calculate the speeds of these galaxies. However, in general relativity, velocity is a local notion, so velocity calculated using comoving coordinates does not have any simple relation to velocity calculated locally. (See comoving distance for a discussion of different notions of 'velocity' in cosmology.) Rules that apply to relative velocities in special relativity, such as the rule that relative velocities cannot increase past the speed of light, do not apply to relative velocities in comoving coordinates, which are often described in terms of the "expansion of space" between galaxies. This expansion rate is thought to have been at its peak during the inflationary epoch thought to have occurred in a tiny fraction of the second after the Big Bang (models suggest the period would have been from around 10−36 seconds after the Big Bang to around 10−33 seconds), when the universe may have rapidly expanded by a factor of around 1020 to 1030.
Magueijo's proposal used a different set of units, a choice which he justifies with the claim that some equations will be simpler in these new units. In the new units he fixes the fine structure constant, a quantity which some people, using units in which the speed of light is fixed, have claimed is time-dependent. Thus in the system of units in which the fine structure constant is fixed, the observational claim is that the speed of light is time-dependent. **AS PREVIOUSLY STATED, NONE OF THE BASIC FACTORS OF NATURE (space time mass matter energy gravity) ARE INDEPENDENT OF EACH OTHER, AND A COMMON SET OF UNITS IS A REQUIREMENT FOR MEASUREMENT TO POSSESS VALIDITY.
NEEDS REINTERPRETATION: Refraction Index, phase velocity, group velocity The blue dot moves at the speed of the ripples, the phase velocity; the green dot moves with the speed of the envelope, the group velocity; and the red dot moves with the speed of the foremost part of the pulse, the front velocity. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speed_of_light
Einstein's theory of special relativity sets of the speed of light, 186,000 miles per second (300 million meters per second), as a cosmic speed limit. Some researchers think they may have broken this limit, and the implications are mind bending.