Superconductivity, be it at near the zero point, or high temperature manipulations with heat, magnetism, or "the quantum criticality of electrons" all abide by the precisely measurable quantity C radius along a sine wave pattern, each with their distinguishing effects. Light, the quantity C, the radius of curvature of all natural law is the concrete fundamental ruler defining our observable universe of space time mass matter energy gravity – and every concept, derivative and spin in between (of necessity, each converted to their equivalent energy differentials) – not one which stands alone, all factors totally integrated with each other, where a change to one brings about changes to the others – not the least are the isolated factors of ‘dimensions/size’, i.e., found at the macro, meso, micro, dimensions.
'Totally Unexpected' Physics - A Powerful Blend of Magnetism and Light “ ……..a newly discovered type of 'charge density wave.' This wave does not have the oscillating motion of a light wave or a sound wave; it describes a static, ordered arrangement of clumps of electrons in a superconducting material. Its coexistence with superconductivity is perplexing to researchers because it seems to conflict with the freely moving electron pairs that define superconductivity.
A magnet levitating above a cuprate high temperature superconductor. New findings from an international collaboration led by Canadian scientists may eventually lead to a theory of how superconductivity initiates at the atomic level, a key step in understanding how to harness the potential of materials that could provide lossless energy storage, levitating trains and ultra-fast supercomputers. Credit: Robert Hill/University of Waterloo
Their results, published today in the prestigious journal Science, present the most direct experimental evidence to date of electronic nematicity as a universal feature in cuprate high-temperature superconductors. "In this study, we identify some unexpected alignment of the electrons - a finding that is likely generic to the high temperature superconductors and in time may turn out be a key ingredient of the problem," said Professor Hawthorn.
Rice University physicist and study co-author Qimiao Si said the research provides further evidence that unconventional superconductivity arises from "quantum criticality."
"There is already compelling evidence that unconventional superconductivity is linked in both copper-based and iron-based high-temperature superconductors to quantum fluctuations that alter the magnetic order of the materials at 'quantum critical points,' watershed thresholds that mark the transition from one quantum phase to another," Si said. "This work provides the first evidence that similar processes bring about superconductivity in the canonical heavy-fermion system YRS."
Electrons fall within a quantum category called fermions. Heavy fermions are composite materials that contain rare earth elements. Their name stems from the fact that at extremely low temperatures, typically less than 1 kelvin, electrons move through the material as if they were 1,000 times more massive than normal. In the latest experiments, Si said, the measured heat capacity was so large that the electrons behaved as if they were heavier still—about 1 million times heavier than normal. This occurred as the YRS was cooled to just above the point of superconductivity, around 2 millikelvins.
Isolation and separateness of the natural laws will not get us past the following preliminary and elementary concepts of field applications.
Let us integrate the fundamental basics across distance and time with the unifying radius of curvature, Light, the quantity C, so as to at least advance past the 700 year old ‘rocket’ concept and move into more adult like perceptions of reality. The traffic nightmare pic below in no way resembles intelligence in any shape or form in the 'transportation' category.
Here is How
The far more fundamental and simpler definitions of space time mass matter energy gravity become mandatory:
- The Quantity C: Possessing a Significance Far Greater than Attributed
- Gravity – As Viewed Through the Radius (VC)
- Space as Observed through the Curve of Radius Light
- Matter and Mass – Quantum Gravity and the Holographic Mass
- Beyond A Uni-Dimensional Perception of TIME
- The Nonlinearity of Physical Law