Physicists ‘spooky action’ distortions, mired in microscopic, mesoscopic, and macroscopic scales, breaking free?
“Spooky action” within - space time mass matter energy gravity - across scales, simplified: The microscopic, mesoscopic, and macroscopic scales seen through The Nonlinearity of Physical Law , with the constant C as the radius The Quantity C: Possessing a Significance Far Greater than Attributed
An international team, including researchers from Swinburne University of Technology, has demonstrated that the 1935 Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) quantum mechanics paradox may be extended to more than two optical systems, paving the way for exploration of larger quantum networks. "The strength of the entanglement created in our network allows us to confirm rigorously – without using any additional assumptions that would create scientific loopholes – the genuine tripartite entanglement of three of the optical fields. The experiment therefore provides an important step towards validation of mesoscopic quantum mechanics," Swinburne's Professor Margaret Reid said.
The EPR paradox pointed out that two well-separated systems can have a strange type of quantum connection, so that what happens in one system seems to immediately affect the other. This connection has recently been called 'EPR steering entanglement'. EPR steering is the nonlocality – what Albert Einstein called 'spooky actions at a distance' – associated with the EPR paradox and has traditionally been investigated between only two parties. An experiment performed by researchers from the Australian National University (ANU) and Tianjin University supports the predictions of theoretical work developed by researchers at Swinburne and Peking University. "We used an optical network to experimentally confirm how this spooky type of entanglement can be shared over not just two, but three or more distinct optical systems," Dr Seiji Armstrong, from the Quantum Computing Centre Node at ANU, said. Previously, this sort of entanglement had been studied for only two systems. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2015-01-einstein-spooky-action-quantum-networks.html#jCp
The Resonance Project Space, geometry, gravity tie in:
Nassim Haramein has calculated a geometric solution for the gravitational field. In his latest paper "Quantum Gravity and the Holographic Mass" he describes gravity in a classical algebraic way by calculating the density of the space both within and on the outside of the event horizon of a proton.
The seemingly "empty" vacuum of space is actually a nearly infinitely dense super-fluid medium made of tiny tiny tiny little frothing bubbles of energy. Sometimes called the "quantum foam", each of these miniscule vibrations represents a spherical wave form, or quanta, that is the diameter of the smallest possible measurable distance, the Planck length. Haramein calls these tiny spherical information bits Planck spherical units or PSUs. The PSUs on the interior of the proton's event horizon pack together in a perfectly space-filling overlapping "3D" Flower of Life structure with each sphere's center being connected by a tetrahedral lattice geometry. The PSUs within the proton volume holographically project on the proton surface event horizon as "flat" equatorial circles in a "2D" flower of life tiling pattern.
In this image, the first equation describes the ratio between the proton surface area and the surface Planck circles showing that the number of equatorial circles on the Proton surface equals 10↑40 (10 to the 40 or 1000000000000000000000000000000000000000 Planck length diameter circles)
The second equation shows the number of Planck spherical units contained within the proton, which is 10↑60. In the third equation, the external surface horizon is divided by the internal volume and then multiplied by the Planck mass to give the total value of the proton mass. With a simple classical geometric calculation, Haramein obtains the mass of the proton according to the standard model, as measured from the outside, in the laboratory: 10↑-24 gm.
Haramein then calculates the external Planck circles divided by the internal Planck spheres to obtain the gravitational mass of the proton, which equals 10↑14 which is the exact amount of mass needed for the proton to obey what is called the the Schwarzschild condition of a black hole. Protons are quantum scale black holes. Gravity is a ratio of volume to surface area.
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Thus, each electron will only have angular momentum (l) values that are an integer times Planck's Constant divided by 2
(the number of radians in a circle; h/2
is often expressed as the "reduced Planck's
-- a symbol used by Paul Dirac). The spectral lines of
hydrogen result when an electron drops from one angular momentum state to a
lower one and releases energy. The energy is then emitted as a photon,
a quantum of electro-magnetic radiation, as explained by Albert
Einstein in 1905 (the "photo-electric effect"), at a
frequency and wavelength proportional to its energy, according to Planck's
equation, E =
h = hc/
, where c is the velocity of light,
is the frequency (1/s, Hz),
is the wavelength (m), and c =
. Bohr's equation for hydrogen is as follows, where n and n' are
integer values for the level that the electron is leaving (n) and the level to
which the electron is falling (n').